The United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau, UNIOGBIS, was established by the UN Security Council in its resolution 1876 (2009) for an initial period of 12 months, from January 2010, and was extended until 31 December 2011 by Security Council Resolution 1949 (2010). UNIOGBIS mandate was further extended by SC Resolution 2030 (2011) for 14 months. On February 2013, UNSCR 2092 was adopted, extending the mission mandate till 31 May 2013. UNSCR 2092 was then superseded by UNSCR Resolution 2103 (May 2013) for a one year period through 31 May 2014.
After the 12 April 2012 coup d'état and a two year transition period, the country held legislative and presidential elections in April- May 2014. The swearing-in of the President and new parliamentarians of the Republic in June 2014, as well as the appointment of the new Prime Minister and his Cabinet in early July 2014 marked the return to constitutional order in Guinea-Bissau. Bearing in mind that the new Bissau-Guinean authorities required some time to define their new priorities and to allow the UN to better align its operations and planning with the new governmental policies, the UNSC renewed the UNIOGBIS mandate twice: first by UNSCR 2157 (2014) through 30 November 2014 and thereafter by means of UNSCR 2186 (2014) through 28 February 2015
As per UNSCR 2186, the current mission's mandate is:
a) Supporting an inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation process to facilitate democratic governance;
(b) Assisting in strengthening democratic institutions and enhancing the capacity of state organs to function effectively and constitutionally;
(c) Providing strategic and technical advice and support for the establishment of effective and efficient law enforcement and criminal justice and penitentiary systems, capable of maintaining public security and combating impunity, while respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms;
(d) Providing strategic and technical advice and support to national authorities and relevant stakeholders, including in coordination with ECOWAS/ ECOMIB, in implementing the national security sector reform and rule of law strategies, as well as developing civilian and military justice systems that are compliant with international standards;
(e) Assisting national authorities to combat drug trafficking and transnational organized crime, in close cooperation with UNODC;
(f) Assisting national authorities in the promotion and protection of human rights as well as undertaking human rights monitoring and reporting activities;
(g) Mainstreaming a gender perspective into peacebuilding, in line with Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000) and 1820 (2008);
(h) Working with the Peacebuilding Commission in support of Guinea-Bissau's peacebuilding priorities; and
(i) Contributing to the mobilization, harmonization and coordination of international assistance, including for the implementation of the national security sector reform and rule of law strategies, and enhancing cooperation with the AU, ECOWAS, the CPLP, the EU and other partners in support of the maintenance of constitutional order and the stabilization of Guinea -Bissau.